Villars, Claude-Louis-Hector, duke de

(1653-1734)
   marshal of France
   Born in Moulins, Claude Louis Hector, duke de Vil-lars, as a military commander during the War of the spanish succession, won a great victory at Fried-lingen, Baden, over the Imperial armies (1702). Sent to the Cévennes against the CAMiSARDS,he forced the surrender of the Camisard leader jean cavalier. Defeated by the Austrian commander, Prince Eugene of savoy, and by the English commander, the duke of Marlborough, at Malplaquet (1709), he nonetheless inflicted losses on the enemy that prevented an invasion of France. His victory at Denain with France's sole remaining army saved the kingdom and allowed King louis XIV to gain better terms at the peace signed in 1713. Villars is said to have made many enemies by his cupidity and many friends by his audacity. He was elected to the Académie Française in 1714.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Villars, Claude-Louis-Hector, duke de — born May 8, 1653, Moulins, France died June 17, 1734, Turin, Sardinia French soldier. He distinguished himself in France s war against the Dutch (1672–78) and in the War of the Grand Alliance. After leading French forces to early victories in the …   Universalium

  • Villars, Claude-Louis-Hector, duc de — ▪ French general (duke of) born May 8, 1653, Moulins, Fr. died June 17, 1734, Turin, Italy       French soldier, King Louis XIV s most successful commander in the War of the Spanish Succession (Spanish Succession, War of the) (1701–14).       The …   Universalium

  • Claude Louis Hector de Villars — Marshal General Claude Louis Hector de Villars Secretary of State for War In office 1 October 1715  …   Wikipedia

  • louis — /looh ee/; Fr. /lwee/, n., pl. louis /looh eez/; Fr. /lwee/. See louis d or. [1680 90] * * * (as used in expressions) Henry Louis Aaron Agassiz Jean Louis Rodolphe Aragon Louis Louis Andrieux Armstrong Louis Barrault Jean Louis Barthou Jean Louis …   Universalium

  • Louis — /looh is/ or, for 2, /looh ee/, n. 1. Joe (Joseph Louis Barrow), 1914 81, U.S. boxer: world heavyweight champion 1937 49. 2. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning loud battle. * * * (as used in expressions) Henry Louis Aaron Agassiz… …   Universalium

  • duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n., v., duked, duking. n. 1. (in Continental Europe) the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state. 2. a British nobleman holding the highest hereditary title outside the royal family, ranking immediately below a… …   Universalium

  • Duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n. 1. Benjamin Newton, 1855 1929, and his brother, James Buchanan, 1856 1925, U.S. industrialists. 2. a male given name. * * * I European title of nobility, the highest rank below a prince or king except in countries having such… …   Universalium

  • Hector — /hek teuhr/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the eldest son of Priam and husband of Andromache: the greatest Trojan hero in the Trojan War, killed by Achilles. 2. (l.c.) a blustering, domineering person; a bully. 3. a male given name. v.t. 4. (l.c.) to treat… …   Universalium

  • Claude — /klawd/; Fr. /klohd/, n. 1. Albert, 1899 1983, U.S. biologist, born in Belgium: Nobel prize for medicine 1974. 2. Also, Claud. a male given name: from a Roman family name meaning lame. * * * (as used in expressions) Claude Michel Aron Raymond… …   Universalium

  • Louis François, duc de Boufflers — Louis Francois de Boufflers Louis François, Duc de Boufflers, Comte de Cagny (January 10, 1644 in Crillon, Oise – August 22, 1711 in Fontainebleau) was a Marshal of France. He entered the army and saw service in 1663 at the siege of Marsal,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.